What is Chronic Venous Insufficiency?


Chronic venous insufficiency is the condition when the vein in your leg does not allow the blood to flow back to the heart. Valves in your veins are responsible for blood flow to your heart. When the functionality of the veins fails, it causes the blood to pool in your legs.


When I visited a vascular surgeon in Rawalpindi, I came to know that blood blockage can cause other diseases in your body if your condition is left untreated. 


What are those conditions?


  • Leg ulcers
  • Pain
  • Cramps
  • Swelling
  • Skin changes
  • Varicose veins


We cannot consider Chronic Venous Insufficiency is a life-taken disease, but it can cause severe pain and result in disabling.




  • From all the body organs, veins send back the blood to the heart. The veins in the legs need to transfer your blood upward. Some conditions can cause Chronic Venous Insufficiency.
  • Being overweight can cause this condition, and it allows the veins in the leg to restrict the blood flow return to the heart. Women often develop this disease during pregnancy.
  • Weakness in leg muscles that squeeze blood return can also cause Chronic Venous Insufficiency.
  • Leg injury or previous blood clots can restrict the blood flow.
  • Physical inactivity can also be a reason behind blood clots in the leg veins. Overweight can also lead to a lack of exercise or fewer physical movements.


  • Most common victims develop this disease due to smoking.




It is crucial to visit your doctor when you feel any symptoms.


  • Swelling in the lower legs or ankles
  • Painful legs
  • Tight feeling in your calves
  • Varicose veins
  • Painful leg cramps
  • Brown-colored skin
  • Varicose veins


Who Is At High Risk Affected Chronic Venous Insufficiency?


People over age 50 are at high risk of developing chronic venous insufficiency. Around 40 percent of people get affected by CVI.


If the CVI is not treated at the right time, it boosts the inflammation and pressure that cause the pain in the legs.


Such conditions turn the skin color into reddish-brown color and become extremely sensitive. Burst capillaries boost the inflammation of the local tissues and also affect the other internal tissues. It results in ulcers that cannot heal properly in many conditions. If it will not heal, it will touch the surrounding tissues, and the condition occurs, which is cellulitis.


How to Diagnose CVI?


Vascular surgeons will perform your whole body. Your doctor will also ask you for complete medical history. When a doctor exams your legs, vascular ultrasound will be used. This test is used to check the blood circulation in your leg veins. 


The transducer is used by placing it on your skin that provides the vessel images and will be displayed on the monitor.

Ways to Treat/manage chronic venous insufficiency 

CVI is also like other diseases when it comes to treatment as it can be treated at its early stage. People with chronic venous insufficiency are recommended by vascular medicine or vascular surgery.


  • Medicines: Some medicines boost the blood flow through the vessels. The vascular surgeon often uses these medicines along with compression therapy to recover the ulcer in the legs.


  • Sclerotherapy: when the CVI is left untreated, it can become more serious. It involves a chemical that is injected into the affected vein.


  • Endovenous laser ablation/radiofrequency ablation: It includes the tubs that put the heat right into the affected vein. It shuts the veins and improves blood flow.


  • Improve blood circulation in leg veins: Regular exercise or physical activity can reduce inflammation. You can also raise your legs as it helps to boost the blood flow.


  • Surgery: Ligation is a surgery that is used in severe cases. Tied off the vein does not allow the blood flow. If your case is severe and veins are damaged then your vascular surgeon may remove your vein.




Experts from Abrar surgery hospital say that we should follow some physical activity and move around frequently. Quit smoking as it will also minimize to cause the blood clots. You can also consider healthy body weight because a quality diet will affect overall your body and boosts blood flow.



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