Neurological issues have far-fetching effects on the brain and the nervous system and if not taken prompt action will lead to the death of the individual. In India the incidence of neurological related problems in poor and malnourished people is nominal. With spiking issues in the central nervous system, an individual has to bring it to the immediate attention of a physician. When it comes down to treating neurological issues there is always confusion in choosing the physician as neurology has neurologist and neurosurgeon. To know the importance of neurosurgeon in a patient’s life, demarking the difference between the two is imperative.

Who is a neurosurgeon?

The common myth that is prevailing among people is that neurosurgeons are just brain surgeons. But as told it is just a myth. Neurosurgeons diagnose, assess, and perform various surgeries to treat the central nervous system disorders. They operate on the central nervous system that is the brain and spinal cord and peripheral nervous system which includes various other parts of the body. A neurologist on the other hand also treats diseases of the brain and nervous system but they won’t perform surgery. A neurologist works in close proximity with a neurosurgeon.

Nature of work

A neurosurgeon works with patients of all ages from premature babies to elderly people. They treat both immediate life-threatening conditions and chronic debilitating disorders. Neurosurgery is a challenging field of specialty that involves the constant development of technology and techniques. A neurosurgeon with expertise in the latest technology and techniques benefit the patient in the reduction of pain, faster recovery, and minimal scarring.

The main conditions that neurosurgeon treats are as follows:

  • A tumor In the brain, spine, and skull
  • Trauma and accident to head and spinal cord
  • Degenerative spinal conditions and prolapsed discs
  • cerebral aneurysms
  • brain stroke
  • epilepsy
  • microbial Infections
  • locomotion disorders like Parkinson’s disease
  • certain psychiatric disorders
  • congenital conditions such as spina bifida
  • diseases that affect cerebrospinal fluid flow such as hydrocephalus
  • pituitary tumors
  • Neuroendocrine disorders
  • And more

A neurosurgeon may also have a subspecialty in fields like pediatric neurosurgery, neuro-oncology, traumatology, and more.

Importance of a neurosurgeon

If you want to establish the importance of neurosurgeons in one line; they treat severe conditions of the nervous system and save the lives of people. Now elaborating on this neurosurgeon are specialized in performing surgery of the central nervous system.

  • The common conditions that a neurosurgeon treats are back pain, neck pain, sciatica, herniated disks, degenerative diseases of the spine, cerebrovascular disorders, brain and spinal tumors, and stroke.
  • Additionally, since the nervous system extends from your brain to the spine and your nerve branches throughout the body, they will treat various conditions that arise from the central nervous system.
  • For instance conditions like carpal tunnel syndrome are related to the cervical spine in the neck area. In severe conditions to relieve pain, needle sensation, and hand clumsiness, surgery has to be performed by the neurosurgeon.
  • A neurosurgeon gives operative and non-operative management including prevention, diagnosis, evaluation, treatment, critical care, and rehabilitation of neurological disorders in various patients.

Bottom line

Neurological disorders when overlooked can lead to life-threatening situations, therefore, patients on any symptom should visit the best professional neurosurgeon and undergo necessary treatment.

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