Cystitis is actually a medical term for inflammation of bladder. The inflammation occurs due to bacterial infection which is known as urinary tract infection or UTI. A bladder infection might be troublesome and painful which can turn into a serious health problem when the infection spreads to your kidneys.

Cystitis can take place due to a reaction with some drugs, radiation therapy or probable irritants such as – spermicidal jellies, feminine hygiene spray or use of catheter for a long time. Cystitis might take place due to complications from other diseases. You need to visit a walk in sexual health clinic in London and get yourself tested on time.


  • Strong and constant urge to urinate
  • Burning sensation at the time of urinating
  • Passing small amount and frequent urine
  • Blood in your urine or hematuria
  • Passing strong-smelling or cloudy urine
  • Pelvic discomfort
  • Low-grade fever
  • Feeling of pressure in your lower abdomen


For children, the accidental daytime wetting might denote urinary tract infection (UTI). But bed-wetting during nighttime will probably be associated with a UTI.

When you should visit a doctor

You will have to look for sexual health clinic near you and seek for medical help in case you find any signs and symptoms to kidney infection. Some of these include the following:

  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Chills and fever
  • Back or side pain

When you develop frequent, painful or urgent urination that might last for several hours or longer than that or when you find blood in the urine, it is advised that you consult with the doctor. In case you are diagnosed with a UTI earlier and you might develop the symptoms of previous UTI, you should talk to a doctor immediately.

Also, you need to call the doctor when the symptoms of cystitis return back after you complete the antibiotics course. However, you might require different kind of medication.

If your child has wetting accidents in the daytime, you should call the pediatrician right away.

In healthy men, cystitis seems to be rare and need to be investigated by the doctor.


The urinary system consists of the bladder, urethra, kidneys and ureters. All of them have a vital role in getting rid of the waste from your body. Your kidneys are located towards the back of upper abdomen that filters waste from your blood and then regulate the concentrations of many substances. Tubes known as ureters will carry urine from the kidneys to your bladder where it has been stored till it exits your body through the urethra.

Bacterial cystitis

UTIs generally take place when the bacteria outside your body enter urinary tract through the urethra and then start to multiply. Most cystitis cases occur due to a kind of Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria.

The infections in bacterial bladder might take place in women due to intercourse. But sexually inactive women and girls are highly susceptible to lower urinary tract infections as the female genital area usually harbors bacteria that may lead to cystitis.

Noninfectious cystitis

Though bacterial infections are a common cause of cystitis, there are several noninfectious factors that can cause your bladder to get inflamed. Some of these are the following:

  • Interstitial cystitis.The cause of severe bladder inflammation, also known as painful bladder syndrome, is not known. Most cases can be diagnosed in women and the condition is quite difficult to diagnose as well as treat.
  • Drug-induced cystitis.Certain medications such as – ifosfamide and chemotherapy drugs cyclophosphamide may lead to the inflammation of your bladder as broken-down components of drugs leave your body.
  • Radiation cystitis.Radiation treatment of your pelvic area can lead to some inflammatory changes in the bladder tissue.
  • Foreign-body cystitis.Using a catheter for long term might predispose to bacterial infections and tissue damage, both of which can lead to inflammation.
  • Chemical cystitis.Some people are hypersensitive to chemicals that have some products such as feminine hygiene sprays, spermicidal jellies or bubble bath. They might even develop an allergic reaction within the bladder thus, leading to inflammation.
  • Cystitis associated with other conditions.Cystitis might take place due to some complications of other disorders such as diabetes or kidney stones which is injuries of spinal cord or enlarged prostate.

Risk factors

Some people will likely develop bladder infections or urinary tract infections constantly. Women fall under this group due to physical anatomy. Women generally have a shorter urethra that cuts down on the distance bacteria should travel to reach your bladder.

Women who are at greater risk of UTIs are the following:

  • Remain sexually active.Sexual intercourse can lead to the formation of bacteria by pushing into the urethra.
  • Use certain types of birth control.Women who use diaphragms are at greater risk of a UTI. Diaphragms that have spermicidal agents can increase further risks.
  • Become pregnant.Hormonal changes at the time of pregnancy might increase the risk of a bladder infection.
  • Have experienced menopause.Altered levels of hormone in postmenopausal women are usually related to UTIs.

Other risk factors for both men and women include:

  • Interference with urine flow.This might take place in some conditions such as a stone in your bladder or an enlarged prostate in men.
  • Changes in the immune system.This can occur due to certain conditions such as diabetes, HIV and cancer treatment. If you are having depressed immune system, then this can increase the risk of bacterial and viral bladder infections.
  • Prolonged use of bladder catheters.These tubes are needed in people who have severe diseases or in older adults.  Prolonged use might lead to an increased vulnerability to bladder tissue damage and bacterial infections.

In case of men, cystitis is generally rare without any predisposing health concerns.

Thus, you need to visit a reputed walk in sexual health clinic where the doctors will take care of your health condition and determine the risk factors so that you can stay protected.

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