16 Major Festival in Nepal | Festival in Nepal.
Festivals in Nepal, with rich customs and cultures. 16 Major festivals and content. Dashain is the Nepalese biggest festival. It has been celebrated over a week. We describe here some 16 major festival in Nepal like Dashain, Tihar, Holi, Gai Jatra, Indra Jatra, Rato Machhendranath Jatra and many more. Nepal is the Hindu country and we can say proudly “Nepal is the nonstop Festival country in the world”. So here are we describing somelist of 16 Major Festival of Nepal? Festivals in Nepal begin with the non-secular and pass with spontaneous spirit into a fun family feast it’s been galvanized by Nepalese religion and has continually been the centre of Nepali culture. The 16 Major Festival in Nepal is unit a manifestation of cultural sensibility of any explicit society at its beat. 16 Major Festival in Nepal, through acts and performance of rites and rituals and rituals, area unit truth not solely the way of consolidative of gods and goddesses however additionally for fending off evil, for pastoral and agricultural prosperity, longevity, happiness and physiological state of human life. Nepal it additionally helps in strengthening familial and social group ties by the approach of gathering, merry-making and coming together. We all the Nepalese believe that in Kathmandu they’re celebrating the pageant each next day. Nepal honour a divinity with worshippers’ state of affairs around a shrine to worship. Nice processions win through the streets of the 3 recent cities, Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Patan and different cities of Kingdom of Nepal. These processions square measure in the course of bands of Newar musicians and disguised dancers. a while idols of Gods and paraded in mammoth picket chariot Rath distinctive to the Kingdom of Nepal. Festivals square measure a vital part of Nepalese society. It’s the essence of their standard of living. Please, find below describe of 16 Major Festival of Nepal.
Vijaya Dashami (Joint Family).
It is really the national competition of Nepal. Each Nepali is stirred by the prospects of joy that this competition is meant to bring with it. The modification of mood is additionally induced psychologically by the flip of the fall season once an extended spell of monsoon, introducing clear and sensible days, AN azure wild blue yonder and an inexperienced carpet of fields, the climate is additionally simply ideal at this point, it’s neither too cold nor too heat. The Nepalese love their Dashain is a time for consumption well and dressing well. Every house sets up a shrine to worship the immortal at this point. Barley seeds area unit planted on a primary day in each family and nurtured for 9 days. Throughout this era, immortal Hindu deity Bhawani is adored and offered plenty of blood sacrifices Buffaloes, goats, chickens and ducks area unit killed by the thousands at the temples at military posts and in each family. One in every of the most centres that witness the animal sacrifice on an oversized scale at this point is that the Hanuman Dhoka palace on the ninth. On the last day of the competition known as the Tika, the elders of the family provide Tika to their junior members and to alternative relatives World Health Organization might also come back to hunt their blessings. The contemporary shoots of the barley’s are given. Family feeding and feting of guests could be a common follow at this point.
Tihar (Sister and Brother).
This lasts five days and is characterized by five separate days of the devotion of various creatures such as Crow, Dog, and Ox. Day four is the most important day is the puja Laxmi. The most endearing sight of this festival is provided on Laxmi puja by the entire town’s lighting of rows of tiny flickering lamps. Laxmi is worshipped at every household on the evening of this day, the Goddess of Money, and it is on her invitation that countless lamps are burned. On the fifth day, the sister does Puja their brothers and feeds them with delicious sweets. They pray to Yama, the Hindu God of death, for their brother’s long life.
Maghe Sankranti (Magi Festival).
This is the new day of the Magar ethnic year. Magh’s first day of the month, which falls in January, is a sacred day in Nepal because it is believed that the sun is in a good astrological position on this day. It ends its path northward on this day in its celestial direction, thereby marking the beginning of the Uttarayana. This day marks, in the Nepalese belief, the division of winter and summer solstices. From this day on, bathing in rivers is prescribed, especially at the confluence of the river and feasting with rich special preparation foods is typical within the family.
Basanta Panchami (Saraswati Puja).
Nepalese people bid farewell to the winter season on this day and look forward to the spring season. Most Nepalese people worship learned goddess called “SARASWATI.” To worship this goddess, the people of Kathmandu Valley go to a small shrine near Swayambhunath and out of valley students goes to the other temple where they will find the Saraswati goddess shrine.
Maha Shivaratri Fest in Kathmandu.
It is Nepal’s most popular and celebrated festival, drawing huge crowds both in India and Nepal from far-flung areas. The festival is dedicated in Shiva’s honour. Both Shiva shrines are the places of visit for “Darshan,” but the temple of Pashupatinath in Kathmandu holds the greatest attraction of all. One gets to see thousands of devotees of Hindus coming to visit Pashupatinath temple. Numerous Sadhus and Naked ascetics are among them. Some people want to stay up all night looking over an oil lamp burning to appease Shiva. In several cases, children are seen equally staying awake around a bonfire. An official event is held at Tundikhel in the afternoon to mark this festival. The Nepal Army is planning a demonstration that sounds like a sequence of gunfire witness to the service.
Fagu Purnima (Holi Festival).
Holi is the Color Festival. It’s observed just before Phalgun’s full moon for eight days and during this time people engage in colour throwing at each other. This festival has no religious flavour as it is practised in Nepal’s hills. The festival still has some official standing. The colour festival is always heralded by the arrangements of the Government Religious Endowment Office by the sticking of a wooden pole with colourful streamers beside the old Royal Palace at Basantapur.
Ghode Jatra (Horse Parade).
The festival has two celebratory hands. The cultural aspect includes the Kathmandu Newars, who have been celebrating it for many days, and the idols of the gods of several localities are taken in a procession in their field on portable chariots. At this time every household is going to be feasting. At Tundikhel even a demon named “Gurumapa” is propitiated. The other aspect of the festival is given by the function in the afternoon of the main day organized by the Nepalese Army at Tundikhel. At this time in which present, Horse racing and acrobatic shows are shown. A meeting of Kumari, Bhadrakali, Kankeshori and Bhairab at Asan on the second day of the main celebration is another highlight of the festival.
Seto Machhendranath Jatra.
On this day a famous festival was held in honour of the white Machhendranath, who is actually the Padmapani Lokeswara, whose permanent shrine is situated in the middle of the Kathmandu bazaar at Matsyendra Bahal in Kel Tole. A massive wooden chariot pulled on four large wheels and bearing tall spire covered with green foliage is made ready for this occasion to receive the portrait of the divinity and to be dragged into the old town. There is such a spontaneous and strong devotee’s turn out to pay homage to this deity, who at this time is often considered to be “Embodiment of Compassion.”
Ram Navami (birthday of Lord Rama).
This day marks the birth of Rama, one of Vishnu’s incarnations, a famous Hindu Deity. Religious fast is observed, and Rama is offered worship. On this day a special festival takes place at Rama and Janaki Temple in Janakpur.
Rato Machhendranath Jatra.
This festival is the City of Patan’s largest social-culture event. It begins with the chariot journeys of Nepal Valley’s most widely venerated deity, who resides at Patan and Bungamati in his twin shrines. His common name is Bunga Deo, but he is also called by the name of Red Machhendranath by non Newars. The wheeled chariot is prepared at pulchowk and pulled in several stages through the town of Patan until it reaches Jawalakhel several months later for the final celebration of this festival called the Bhoto Dekhaune. The two Patan and Kathmandu Machhendranaths are part of the same Avalokiteswara cult in the Mahayana faith.
Buddha Jayanti (Buddha’s birthday).
This day that falls on the full moon of the Baisakh month is celebrated to commemorate the birth attainment of enlightenment and the death of Gautam Buddha, Buddhism’s founding preacher, more than 2500 years ago. The Buddhists give prayers and worship in leading Buddhist shrines throughout the country including Lumbini in the Rupandehi district, which is Buddha’s birthplace. There’s a nice fare being served this day at Lumbini.
Janai Purnima ( Rakchshya Bandhan).
Shrawan’s month’s full moon, the day this festival is observed, is considered holy in Nepal and is celebrated by various groups of Nepalese people in different ways. The most commonly known mode of celebration, however, is that all twice-born casters take ritual baths on this day, and change their sacred thread. By the Brahmans, everyone gets thread strings on his wrist a defensive mark for the whole year. In Gosainkunda, this day is also held as sacred for bathing. One can also see a Jhankris pageantry attired in their traditional costume as they come to bathe in Patan at Kumbheshwor. These Jhankris also visit the temple of Kalinchowk Bhagwati in Dolkhas district where they go to bet their healing powers as they are the traditional healers of the Nepalese villages.
Gai Jatra (The Cow festival).
In this festival teenage boys dressed as cows walk the town’s streets. This costume derives from the idea that cows are helping family members who died during the same year to fly easily to heaven. Others are often dressed as an ascetic or a fool to accomplish the same purpose for the members of their dead kin. For the amusement of the public, groups of imitators improvise brief satirical performance on the city’s latest social scenes. In reality, the week starting from Janai Purnima unfolds a season of many good religious and cultural activities. All the Buddhist monasteries open their gates to the visitors to view their bronze sculptures and collection of painting for a week. At Patan, one observes the festival of Mataya at this time.
The festivity of Gai Jatra itself lasts for a week enlivened by the performance of dance and drama in the different localities of the town. The spirit of the old festival is being increasingly adopted by cultural centres, newspaper and magazines to fling humour and satire on the Nepalese Social and Political Life.
The day is celebrated as the birthday of Krishna, one of Vishnu’s incarnations. The holy fast is observed and on this day the temple of Krishna is visited by the devotees. A procession goes around the city displaying Lord Krishna’s images, a tradition that social organization has started in recent years called the Sanatan Dharma Sewa Samiti.
Haritalika Teej (Women’s Festival in Nepal).
this is the festival for the ladies. On this day the Nepalese women go to Shiva temple in colourful dresses to worship Shiva. In Kathmandu Valley they go to Pashupatinath and then worship Shiva (Hindu God of Destruction) and whatever they wish that will be fulfilled.
Indra Jatra (Kumari festival in Nepal).
This also heralds a week of religious and cultural festivities in Kathmandu, as Gai Jatra did. This festival has many facets to it. On the night when this festival begins family members in which death occurred within one year, go around Kathmandu’s town limits burning incense and placing lamps along the road. A tall wooden pole depicting Indra’s statue and large wooden masks of Bhairab is on display in the bazaar the same morning. During this week, many religious dance groups such as the Devinach, Bhairava and Bhakku, as well as Mahankalinach come to life. The week also begins in Kathmandu with the pulling of Ganesh, Bhairava and Kumari chariots. On this historical day, King Prithvi Narayan Shah made a victorious march with his troops into the town and ascended the throne of Kantipur the old name of Kathmandu displacing the Malla King Jaya Prakash Malla.